如果说语言学习的第一要义是交流本身，那么纠正发音的目的就在于拉近自身与 native speaker 的差距，虽然不可避免地对第二语言的学习者来说几乎不可能完全掌握第二语言的完全要义，但是避免交流障碍终归是好的。
一直想要总结一下遇到的各种计算机领域的 term 和 acronym 及其发音，但心想遇到的不多，也就无心整理，当然自己懒是主要原因。直到遇到了 非主流程序员的自我修养 一文，才觉得确实有整理一下的必要了，下述词汇均从上文给出的列表进行整理。
点击每个单词标题可进入正规发音的来源页面，摘要为来源页面中涉及发音的摘录。发音来源尽可能提供官方解释，在无法 / 难以找到官方发音的情况下提供英文版 wikipedia 或 Cambridge Dictionary 的词条结果。存疑 / 争议词汇如 exposé 则链接到开发者 / 爱好者社区相关讨论帖。本文长期不定期更新，如有疏漏或你认为值得提出的词汇，不妨在评论区发帖或与我电邮联系。很惭愧，就做了一点微小的工作，希望对广大发音不标准的程序员有所帮助。
Adobe Systems Incorporated /ˈədoʊbiː/ is an American multinational computer software company.
The Apache HTTP Server, colloquially called Apache (/əˈpætʃiː/ ə-pa-chee), is the world’s most used web server software.
UK /æp/ US /æp/
abbreviation for application: a computer program or piece of software designed for a particular purpose that you can download onto a mobile phone or other mobile device
比如 synchronization → sync \ˈsiŋk\ 和 weblog → blog，没有人会念 S-Y-N-C 或者 B-L-O-G。App 是 application 的缩写算是 shortening，要念成 /æp/ 才对。
UK /əˈreɪ/ US /əˈreɪ/
a large group of things or people, especially one that is attractive or causes admiration or has been positioned in a particular way
ASCII (/ˈæski/ ass-kee), abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) prefers the name US-ASCII).
UK /ˈæv.ə.tɑːr/ US /ˈæv.ə.tɑːr/
an image that represents you in online games, chat rooms, etc. and that you can move around the screen
In computing, a cache /ˈkæʃ/ kash, is a hardware or software component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster
UK /krəʊm/ US /kroʊm/
a hard, shiny metal that is an alloy of chromium and other metals
C# (pronounced as see sharp) is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines.
The project name is pronounced Deb’-ee-en, with a short e in Deb, and emphasis on the first syllable. This word is a contraction of the names of Debra and Ian Murdock, who founded the project. (Dictionaries seem to offer some ambiguity in the pronunciation of Ian (!), but Ian prefers ee’-en.)
If you want to pronounce it right, like the French, you say: Ex-po-sé and the “é” is pronounced like the “a” from “Pages”. But Americans can’t pronounce it very well, you have to say the “é” without a “y” at the end.
GNOME (pronounced /gˈnoʊm/ or /ˈnoʊm/) is a desktop environment that is composed entirely of free and open-source software. GNOME was originally an acronym for GNU Network Object Model Environment.
The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU’s Not Unix!”; it is pronounced as one syllable with a hard g, like “grew” but with the letter “n” instead of “r”.
UK /ˈguː.i/ US /ˈguː.i/
abbreviation for graphical user interface
UK /ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər/ US /ˈɪn.tə.dʒɚ/
a whole number and not a fraction
UK /ˈdʒɑː.və/ US /ˈdʒɑː.və/
a computer programming language that is often used on the internet
wiki: James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton initiated the Java language project in June 1991. Java was originally designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time. The language was initially called Oak after an oak tree that stood outside Gosling’s office. Later the project went by the name Green and was finally renamed Java, from Java coffee.
(Redirected to JPEG)
JPEG (/ˈdʒeɪpɛg/ jay-peg) is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. The term “JPEG” is an acronym for the Joint Photographic Experts Group, which created the standard.
LaTeX, which is pronounced «Lah-tech» or «Lay-tech» (to rhyme with «blech» or «Bertolt Brecht»), is a document preparation system for high-quality typesetting. It is most often used for medium-to-large technical or scientific documents but it can be used for almost any form of publishing.
Linux (pronounced /ˈlɪnəks/ lin-əks or, less frequently, /ˈlaɪnəks/ lyn-əks) is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
ps.Linus Torvalds, creator of Linux, explains how the word should be pronounced.
It’s my wife’s middle name, and her maternal grandmother’s first name. –Doug Cutting
Maven, a Yiddish word meaning accumulator of knowledge, was originally started as an attempt to simplify the build processes in the Jakarta Turbine project.
wiki:The word reached English from the Hebrew mevin (מבֿין), meaning “one who understands”, and is related to the word binah (בינה), which denotes understanding or wisdom in general. It was first recorded (spelled mayvin) in English in 1950 (in the Jewish Standard of Toronto, Canada) and popularized in the United States in the 1960s by a series of commercials created by Martin Solow for Vita Herring, featuring “The Beloved Herring Maven.” The “Beloved Herring Maven“ran in radio ads from 1964 to 1968), and was brought back in 1983 with Allan Swift, the original voice of the Maven.
The official way to pronounce “MySQL” is “My Ess Que Ell” (not “my sequel”), but we do not mind if you pronounce it as “my sequel” or in some other localized way.
MEASURES having a value of zero
The retina (UK /ˈrɛtɪnə/ ret-i-nə, US /ˈrɛtᵊnə/ ret-(ə-)nə, pl. retinae, /ˈrɛtiniː/; from Latin rēte, meaning “net”) is the third and inner coat of the eye which is a light-sensitive layer of tissue.
UK /səˈfɑː.ri/ US /səˈfɑːr.i/
an organized journey to look at, or sometimes hunt, wild animals, especially in Africa
Sennheiser electronic GmbH & Co. KG (/ˈsɛnhaɪzər/; branded Sennheiser) is a private German audio company specializing in the design and production of a wide range of both consumer and high fidelity products, including microphones, headphones, telephony accessories, and avionics headsets for consumer, professional, and business applications.
UK /swiːt/ US /swiːt/
a set of connected rooms, especially in a hotel
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.comments powered by Disqus